Administrators hold key to Trelawny’s RSPL goal

first_imgWestern Bureau: DESPITE being unimpressed with the overall standard of football in Trelawny, Linnel McLean, the parish’s top administrator and president of the Western Confederation, said he is hard-pressed to see a club there advancing to the Premier League, but is hoping that changes he is calling for will get at least one club there in the next two seasons. “Realistically, the future of football in the parish is bright, but at the moment, it is hard to identify a club that could return the parish to the Premier League,” McLean told The Gleaner after watching the National Rums of Jamaica/Trelawny Division One final between Granville FC and Invaders at the Elleston Wakeland Centre in Falmouth on Sunday. Former Premier League outfit, Invaders FC, won the Division One title with a 4-3 penalty shootout victory over Granville FC, while in the day’s other fixture, the Trelawny FA Monymusk Plantation Rum mid-season finale, a strike from second-half substitute Renaldo Scott in the 90th minute was enough for Rio Bueno to edge Bunkers Hill 1-0 for the bonus prize. Trelawny was home to Premier League outfits such as Conquers FC, Invaders FC and Village United (relegated in 2011-12), the last club to represent that parish in the nation’s top football league. McLean said the lack of forward thinking and the inability of some club administrators to rise above mediocrity contributed in a significant way to the clubs’ fall from grace. Newly crowned Division One champions, Invaders, are one of few exceptions, according to McLean. “There are others, but Invaders have a good young coach. They are taking the football seriously and are positioning themselves to benefit from whatever programme the parish association has in place,” McLean said. Invaders last played in the Premier League in the 2002-03 season, but were relegated the following year. In the eyes of McLean, they are on their way back. “It will take time,” he said. “Right now, I cannot say there is a team I think could make the Premier League. Invaders are now back in the Trelawny Major League and will have to perform twice as better there before even thinking about the next step. “Then there are Rio Bueno and Bunkers Hill FC for example in the Major League running. Baca Star FC also is initiating some real change. “These clubs are among a select few which could in the future be of such quality to stage a run on the Premier League. But much changes are still in order administratively to make that step,” McLean pointed out.last_img read more

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Mayweather-McGregor is a pay-per-view smash

first_imgBishop Baylon encourages faithful in Albay to help Taal evacuees Hotdog’s Dennis Garcia dies LATEST STORIES “It’s a little soon to be predicting a record,” said Espinoza, who heads sports for Showtime. “But the record is definitely within reach.”Estimates vary, but if an average of 10 people watched each pay-per-view the total audience for Saturday’s fight in the US could reach 50 million people, or nearly one in six Americans.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’“I’d absolutely call this a complete success,” Espinoza said. “This was a fight that had massive expectations in both the fight itself and the business results. It lived up to those expectations in every respect.”At $99.95 a buy, the pay-per-view generated at least $450 million in revenue on domestic television alone, money from which each fighter gets an undisclosed percentage. Mayweather estimated after the fight he would make $300-350 million, while McGregor said his take would be around $100 million. Police seize P68-M worth of ‘shabu’ in Pasay Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. The pay-per-view numbers include streaming on the Showtime and UFC apps as well as cable and satellite television buys. The fight was held up briefly because of some streaming issues, but Espinoza said reports of widespread problems with the online feed were overblown.“We were particularly pleased with the digital streaming aspect,” he said. “It was our first venture going direct to consumers on Showtime and we were thrilled. We generated over four times the buys we had expected online.”There were also reports of several million illegal streams of the fight and Espinoza said Showtime’s anti-piracy technicians saw more illegal streams than any previous fight. But he said the nature of the fight meant groups of people gathered to watch it, and that most bought it legitimately to be guaranteed the best possible feed.“We knew we had a massive event with huge interest,” he said. “And we knew a huge amount of people were going to be watching, including some who watched illegally.”Mayweather improved to 50-0 in what he said was his last fight, while McGregor is expected to return to UFC following his only pro fight.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Britain’s Prince Harry and Meghan Markle to give up royal titles MOST READ Though the fight suffered some at the box office because of extremely high ticket prices, it hit the kind of numbers on pay-per-view that promoters were hoping for. When added all together the fight could generate some $600 million in total revenue, which would be along the lines of the Mayweather-Pacquiao fight.Mayweather stopped McGregor in the 10th round, the first time he has had a real stoppage in nearly a decade. But McGregor’s performance also won some applause, as he boxed better in his first boxing match as a pro than many thought he would.Assuming the preliminary estimates hold up, Mayweather will have participated in the top four pay-per-view events of all time. His fight with Oscar De La Hoya in 2007 sold 2.4 million pay-per-views, and his 2014 fight with Canelo Alvarez sold 2.2 million.Espinoza said he should know by next week whether the fight will end up No. 1 or No. 2 on the all-time list. But he said the early estimates were lower than what the Mayweather-Pacquiao fight ended up to be, and that this would likely go higher, too.“There could be a good amount of growth between the initial numbers and where we eventually end up,” Espinoza said.ADVERTISEMENT Manny Pacquiao on Floyd Mayweather: Let him enjoy retirement PLAY LIST 00:44Manny Pacquiao on Floyd Mayweather: Let him enjoy retirement01:49Pacquiao to Mayweather: Want fans to stop asking for rematch? Then fight me again02:11SEA GAMES 2019: PH’s Nesthy Petecio boxing featherweight final (HIGHLIGHTS)01:40Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks01:32Taal Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite Barcelona closes transfer market with whimper Britain’s Prince Harry and Meghan Markle to give up royal titles Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’ OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson National Historical team rescues Amorsolos, artifacts from Taal Search on for 5 Indonesians snatched anew in Lahad Datu Floyd Mayweather Jr., left, and Conor McGregor pose during a news conference after a super welterweight boxing match Sunday, Aug. 27, 2017, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Isaac Brekken)LAS VEGAS — Conor McGregor’s improbable challenge of Floyd Mayweather Jr. was a hit at the box office and could end up the biggest pay-per-view ever, with an estimated 50 million people watching in the United States alone.Preliminary figures released by Showtime PPV on Friday showed the fight was tracking in the “mid to high” 4 million range, threatening the 4.6 million record set by Mayweather’s 2015 fight with Manny Pacquiao. Showtime’s Stephen Espinoza said the number will likely rise some as more firm figures come in.ADVERTISEMENT View commentslast_img read more

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Whatever it takes

first_imgLATEST STORIES Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college Terrence Romeo talks to reporters as he attends his first practice with San Miguel. INQUIRER photo/Denison DalupangFor those wondering how a troubled superstar can fit himself into a title-studded roster, here’s an encouraging start: Terrence Romeo knows his place in the San Miguel Beer lineup.“Wala talaga akong maipag-mamalaki sa kahit kanino sa team na ‘to,” the controversial playmaker told reporters after his first practice with the Beermen Thursday.ADVERTISEMENT Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title No.13 lucky for Orlando Bloom “I’ll just make the most out of it with my new team. It is what it is,” said the 26-year-old guard known for his isolation skills. “We’re in a world that sometimes, there are things you just couldn’t control.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. ‘Mia’: Rom-com with a cause a career-boosting showcase for Coleen Garcia Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew It’s a mind-set he needs to hold on to if he wants to squeeze out the most of this last chance to smooth out a career that has alternated between highlights and unsavory headlines: “I have nothing on the guys on this team.”“I want to learn from them. I want to learn how to become a champion,” he said of the stars of the team that has won four straight all-Filipino titles.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissReportedly on a demand by the stars of his former team, Romeo was shipped out by TNT for San Miguel’s Brian Heruela, David Semerad, and a 2021 first round pick. The transaction ended Romeo’s affair with the KaTropa, one that didn’t even last a whole season.To make this shot at relevance work, Romeo knows he has his work cut out for him. Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil View comments MOST READ Japeth Aguilar embraces role, gets rewarded with Finals MVP plum Phivolcs: Slim probability of Taal Volcano caldera eruption “I’ll just have to play the right way of basketball,” said Romeo. And that means leaving the past way behind him.The PBA’s three-time scoring champion refuses to dwell on his unceremonious exit from the KaTropa, who reportedly dealt him away to preserve their cherished chemistry.“Kung sasabihin ko ‘yung totoong dahilan, hahaba lang ‘yung usapan,” he said. “I’m moving on.”“Whatever they say about me, whatever the writeups say about me—about going Awol, about being unreachable during our Christmas party, I don’t know any more … I have no control over that now,” he added in Filipino.Before his tour of duty with KaTropa, Romeo played for GlobalPort for five years, a partnership that also ended on a sour note after a spat with coach Pido Jarencio that was caught on national TV.ADVERTISEMENT Jimmy Alapag as SMB assistant coach has homecoming feel to it Filipino culture takes spotlight as 2019 SEA Games officially opens PLAY LIST 01:26Filipino culture takes spotlight as 2019 SEA Games officially opens03:30PH’s Rogen Ladon boxing flyweight final (HIGHLIGHTS)03:34PH’s Carlo Paalam boxing light flyweight final (HIGHLIGHTS)02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award After winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folklast_img read more

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MOP-Liberia Encourages Young People to Apply for April Edition of Youth Peace Dialogue Competition

first_imgBy Tealee Brown, MOP LiberiaMessengers of Peace-Liberia is encouraging young people to apply for the April’s Edition of its Peace Writing Essay Competition as the award ceremony of March’s edition is to be held soon.According to guidelines, entries for the competition are to be submitted to the Liberian Daily Observer in Paynesville or the Messengers of Peace – Liberia office, 14th Street, Coleman Avenue or emailed to messengersofpeaceliberia@gmail.com.Messengers of Peace – Liberia Inc. (MOP) is a nonprofit, nonpolitical and nongovernmental youth led organization which has promoted peace, the value of volunteerism, teamwork, literacy and togetherness at all levels in Liberia since September 2008.MOP-Liberia still on her quest to promote peace and literacy through innovative approach is for the third consecutive year having her Youth Peace Dialogue Writing Competition, in collaboration with the Liberian Daily Observer under the theme “Sustainable Peace in Liberia: The role of youth in negotiating and implementing peace agreements.”The Youth Peace Dialogue Writing Competition is conducted on a monthly basis. Young people between the ages of 8 – 29 years are encouraged to write articles of 500-700 words and participate.The winner of the competition walks away with a certificate and a cash prize of 10,000LD and his/her article is published in MOP’s column of the Liberian Daily Observer. The winner will also join our cohort of peace writers at MOP-Liberia’s writer’s lab and further develop their skills by benefiting from unparalleled learning opportunities.The April edition of the competition is already in full swing with a deadline of April 23 @ 11:59pm; pending is the Awards ceremony of the March’s edition.The award ceremony promises to bring together the essay competition participants, students, school personnel and other key personnel in the country.Success Sulonkolo, the winner of February’s edition of the competition  in her acceptance speech encouraged fellow participants and other students present to be willing to learn and put into practice what they are been taught in their various schools. She also called on youths to promote peace at all levels and contribute towards sustainable peace in whatever way they can.  Success is now a participant of MOP-Liberia Cohort of Young Peace Writers and also a beneficiary of the Mentor Talk Session hosted by MOP’s Executive Director, Ms. Gwendolyn Myers.MOP- Liberia is again encouraging young people to take advantage of the opportunity and apply for this month’s segment of the competition.For inquiries interested applicants can call 0777295560 or 0777661143 or send an email to messengersofpeaceliberia.com.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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Triathlon clinics upcoming

first_imgBeginners and veterans alike are invited to take part in upcoming triathlon clinics in Fort St. John. The Clinics will be held on May 3, 4, and 6, and will include sessions on swimming stroke improvement, bike tuning, and triathlon competition. For more information, visit the North Peace Leisure Pool, or call Becky, at 787-5780. – Advertisement -Upcoming local traithlons: Grande Praire – May 17 Dawson Creek – May 24 Advertisement Fort St. John – June 7 Fort Nelson – June 28last_img

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China pledges economic reforms

first_img“We are fully confident and capable of resolving the problems and maintaining sustained, stable and sound growth of the financial sector,” he said. China’s bulging global trade surplus – which last year grew to $177.5 billion – and currency regime are expected to among the top issues discussed at a meeting of top Chinese and U.S. trade officials next week in Washington. Wen reiterated Beijing’s vow to let markets play a greater role in setting the yuan’s value, which critics say is artificially low, giving Chinese exporters an unfair advantage. “We are deepening reform of the foreign exchange management system to improve the mechanism of setting the (yuan) exchange rate and give greater scope to the role of the market and introduce greater interest rate flexibility,” Wen said, without giving details. Beijing has adamantly defended its currency policies, and Tuesday a senior Chinese finance ministry official warned that pressuring China to speed up currency flexibility will “backfire.” SHANGHAI, China – Premier Wen Jiabao pledged that China would further reform its currency controls and take steps to resolve problems ranging from the nation’s growing trade surplus to its soaring foreign-exchange reserves. China’s overall economic outlook was positive, Wen said Wednesday at the opening of the African Development Bank’s annual meeting in Shanghai. He also promised that Beijing would make interest rates more flexible while using all available options to control growth of its money supply and ensure economic stability. That could indicate tightening measures may be on the way to cool an economy that grew a blistering 11.1 percent in the first quarter – growth that authorities worry could lead to a debt crisis or higher inflation. “There are some problems. We face excessive liquidity, an imbalance in the balance of payments, and rapid accumulation of foreign exchange. But we are taking measures to deal with these issues,” Wen said. China ended a decade-old direct link between the yuan and the U.S. dollar in July 2005, and revalued the currency by 2.1 percent. Since then, the yuan has been allowed to rise by 5.3 percent against the dollar in tightly controlled trading. Despite criticism from the U.S. in particular, Chinese officials contend that reforms are moving as quickly as the developing economy and financial system will allow. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

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I will fit in Walusimbi’s shoes -Batambuze

first_img0Shares0000Gor Mahia’s new signing Shafik Batambuze during training at Parklands Club on 30th October, 2018. Photo/TIMOTHY OLOBULU Photo/TIMOTHY OLOBULUNAIROBI, Kenya, Oct 31 –Ugandan left-back Shafik Batambuze says he is ready to replace Godfrey Walusimbi in K’Ogalo’s defense having signed a three-year deal to join the club from Tanzanian side Singida United earlier this month.Gor were left with a huge void to fill when Walusimbi ditched the club to join South African top tier side Kaizer Chiefs and struggled to replace the long-serving Ugandan, their weakness in that side of defense hugely blamed for their failure to advance to the Confederation Cup quarters. But now, Batambuze who is expected to slot in straight into the team, says K’Ogalo fans no longer have to worry as he will work hard to seal the slot.“I believe I can fit into his shoes very well because the two of us play almost the same style of football. It has not been hard for me to integrate into the team because I have played in Kenya before and most of the players I played with and against,” the Ugandan told Capital Sport.Gor assistant coach Zedekiah ‘Zico’ Otieno is excited at the arrival of Batambuze who he says will be a huge addition to the team especially as they look to make a statement continentally next season in the CAF Champions League.Shafik Batambuze controlling the ball during training at Parklands Club on 30th October, 2018. Photo/TIMOTHY OLOBULU“He’s a big addition to the team because after losing Walusimbi we had to do with makeshift players in that position and that really cost us. We had to look for a good full-back and in Batambuze we got the person we wanted. He’s been in Kenya and knows the league and also strong on set pieces and very good in crossing. That’s what you look for when you need a good fullback,” Otieno said.Batambuze left Tusker FC for Tanzania’s Singida United at the beginning of the year having won a league and cup with Tusker FC. However, he says he has returned to Kenya because of financial issues at Singida.He previously also featured for Sofapaka and Western Stima which was his first club in the Kenyan Premier League.“I am happy to come back to Kenya because it’s a very competitive league and the best thing is that I am coming to a different side with a bigger challenge. My target now is to work harder and not only play in another big club in the region but probably Europe as well,” Batambuze further stated.Ugandan defender Shafik Batambuze in training at Parklands Club on 30th October, 2018. Photo/TIMOTHY OLOBULUHe added that making the choice to join Gor was a no brainer especially with the allure of playing in the CAF Champions League. His target now is to help K’Ogalo sweep all the titles available and also help them do well in continental football.“I believe it is possible because we have a very good team and everyone is working hard to achieve the goals,” he added.The Ugandan is hopeful of being part of Gor Mahia’s contingent that travels to Liverpool, United Kingdom on Friday for the historic friendly match against English premier League side Everton FC next week Tuesday.Batambuze’s process to acquire a visa has been expedited to enable him travel as Gor currently need a fullback for the huge test.“I want us to win all available titles with Gor that’s my biggest target, it is possible, a good team and I promise the fans to support the team and I will do my best,” Batambuze vowed.0Shares0000(Visited 3 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

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Pakistan proposes allowing crossings

first_img India, which has sent quake relief supplies to Pakistan, hailed Musharraf’s proposal but said it was awaiting more details before deciding whether to accept it. India and Pakistan – which have fought two wars over Kashmir since gaining independence in 1947 – also said they would allow Kashmiris to make telephone calls to the other side to check on loved ones. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week At least 54,000 people died in the Oct. 8 disaster, most in the Pakistani-held part of Kashmir. India reported 1,361 deaths on its side. The United Nations has estimated 3.3 million were left without homes. “The situation is really disastrous,” said Turkish relief worker Tayyar Wardar, a member of an emergency medical team that flew to Sarli Sachan, the area where the girl died. “They had no medicine, or food. Nobody had been there until now.” Wardar said some villagers walked more than a day to get help in Muzaffarabad, capital of Pakistan’s portion of Kashmir. Aid workers reached Sarli Sachan in just 10 minutes by helicopter and found 40 people with life-threatening injuries, he said. President Gen. Pervez Musharraf suggested letting Kashmiris cross the so-called Line of Control in Kashmir, a move that would encourage cooperation between the two neighbors in the disputed region. Kashmir is divided between Pakistan and India, and both nations claim it in its entirety. “We will allow every Kashmiri to come across the Line of Control to assist in the reconstruction effort,” Musharraf said in Muzaffarabad. He also said that political leaders on both sides should coordinate reconstruction efforts and that he hoped to work out the “formalities” of such an arrangement if India agrees. MUZAFFARABAD, Pakistan – Pakistan on Tuesday proposed allowing Kashmiris to cross the frontier dividing the territory with India to help disaster victims – the latest sign of cooperation between the nuclear rivals since this month’s earthquake. Pakistani and U.S. military helicopters were delivering aid to hard-hit Muzaffarabad, which has become a relief distribution hub for survivors of the Oct. 8 temblor. But the U.N. World Food Program warned that 500,000 earthquake survivors have yet to receive supplies. “People don’t just need food – first of all they need shelter, blankets and medical assistance – then food and clean water,” said James Morris, executive director of the WFP. Relief workers visited one village where an 8-year-old girl died Tuesday of abdominal injuries they said could easily have been treated a short helicopter ride away. The death highlighted the predicament facing thousands of injured stranded in the mountains, many with infections that could turn deadly unless they get medical treatment. last_img read more

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Former Vipers SC midfielder joins KCCA FC

first_imgKezironi Kizito (17) in action for his Indian side last season. (PHOTO/Courtey)Kezironi Kizito has joined KCCA FC from Indian side Kerala Blaster.Kizito is understood to have signed a two-year deal with the Kasasiros and will feature for Mike Mutebi’s side until 2021.The former Vipers SC playmaker has been at Kerala for two years since joining them in 2017.He has also previously featured for AFC Leopards, playing 16 league games and scoring 8 goals, an average of a goal every two games.Kizito was a member of St. Mary’s Kitende where he was among the Copa Coca-cola cup winning team of 2013 in KabaleHe was once touted as the feature of Uganda’s midfield but his career has not paved out as earlier anticipated.Kizkito is a full Uganda Cranes international having played 17 games and scoring just a single goal since his debut in 2015.At KCCA FC, he will fight for a first-team spot along with the likes of Nicholas Kasozi, Sadam Juma, Muzamiru Mutyaba, Gift Ali and Jackson Nunda.He becomes the 5th high profile player to join the Kasasiros this offseason after the arrival of John Revita (Express), Simon Sserunkuma (Tooro United), Erisa Ssekisambu (Gor Mahia) and John Odumegwu (Rivers United).KCCA FC have already started the 2019/20 season, playing one game in the League and two on the continent.In the League, the Kasasiros defeated Wakiso Giants 1-0 in their opener while they beat African Stars 4-3 on aggregate in the CAF Champions League.Comments Tags: KCCA FCKezironi KizitoMike Mutebivipers sclast_img read more

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Should Darwin Get a Pass in Science Class?

first_imgIn many public school science classrooms today, Darwinism is taught uncritically as a scientific fact.  Eugenie Scott of the National Center for Science Education (NCSE) defends that practice, and Casey Luskin of the Discovery Institute (DI) contests it.  This month the two in their own venues argued their points of view, and another educator weighed in on a larger issue about science education.    In Nature,1 Scott wrote a book review of How Science Works: Evolution. A Student Primer by R. John Ellis (Springer, 2010).  The phrase “How science works” is often one of her own catch-phrases, so it would seem she would warm up to this pro-Darwin book, but she had some criticisms.  “The public misunderstands and mistrusts the scientific explanation of evolution more than any other branch of research, particularly in the United States,” she began.  She thought Ellis did a pretty good job explaining how science works: “Students learn about testing multiple hypotheses, reliance on natural causes, the open-endedness of science, its lack of dogmatism and the function of peer review and replicating results.”  But she got a little nervous when he went overboard on his naturalism: “He contrasts naturalism – the ideology that only the physical universe exists, operating “according to inbuilt, unvarying regularities” – with supernaturalism, the view that non-physical “active agents” interact with the physical world.  Religion, “the belief in some superhuman controlling power or powers”, is a subset of the latter, he writes.  Ellis distinguishes between the methodological and philosophical aspects of naturalism, but regularly conflates it with science, which is not an ideology.Scott also had problems with his “uneven” definitions of evolution.  She thinks he gave short shrift to common ancestry.  He defined evolution as “change in genetic composition of populations with time,” hardly a phrase pregnant with images of bacteria to man.  She thought his definition of homology also left the reader with the “wrong impression that homology is merely anatomical similarity.”  This book review, therefore, shows Scott’s views remain the same as when she debated Phillip Johnson in the 1980s: Science is not an ideology, the rules of science require methodological naturalism, the only methodologically naturalistic view of biology available is Darwinian evolution, because it does not involve supernaturalism, therefore we must teach Darwin in the schools and keep out creationism and intelligent design.  Scott’s last paragraph says all the reader needs to know about her views, by the company she prefers.  “It is welcome when scientists explain evolution to the public.  But for a better introduction to the topic I would recommend Jerry Coyne’s Why Evolution is True (Viking, 2009), Richard Dawkins’s The Greatest Show on Earth (Free Press, 2009), Donald Prothero’s Evolution (Columbia University Press, 2007) and Neil Shubin’s Your Inner Fish (Pantheon, 2008).”    Casey Luskin begs to differ.  Students benefit from hearing Darwinism taught scientifically, he said (i.e., with critical thinking), and he wrote a new paper to support it.  The paper, based on a presentation he gave last fall at the University of St. Thomas, has been published in the university’s Journal of Law & Public Policy,2  The paper made three points summarized by Luskin on Evolution News & Views:The inquiry method of teaching science stresses process over content.There are no legal obstacles to teaching scientific critiques of prevailing theories.There is ample evidence of controversy in evolutionary literature.The full paper can be downloaded as a PDF file from the Discovery Institute website.    Luskin got support for his thesis from an unexpected source – Science magazine, usually a staunchly pro-Darwin, pro-NCSE source.  Last month, Jonathan Osborne (School of Education, Stanford University) wrote a review article entitled, “Arguing to Learn in Science: The Role of Collaborative, Critical Discourse,”3 in which he said basically the same thing: students benefit by learning the process of debate about controversial subjects – including evolution.Argument and debate are common in science, yet they are virtually absent from science education.  Recent research shows, however, that opportunities for students to engage in collaborative discourse and argumentation offer a means of enhancing student conceptual understanding and students’ skills and capabilities with scientific reasoning.  As one of the hallmarks of the scientist is critical, rational skepticism, the lack of opportunities to develop the ability to reason and argue scientifically would appear to be a significant weakness in contemporary educational practice.  In short, knowing what is wrong matters as much as knowing what is right.  This paper presents a summary of the main features of this body of research and discusses its implications for the teaching and learning of science.Osborne goes on to say that argumentation is not peripheral to the practice of science, but “core to its practice, and without argument and evaluation, the construction of reliable knowledge would be impossible.”  In education, however, scientific explanations are given with the presumption that they are true.  Students are not being given the opportunity to experience how claims are supported by evidence, warrants, and qualifiers, and subjected to counter-claims, rebuttals and counter-arguments.  “Consequently, science can appear to its students as a monolith of facts, an authoritative discourse where the discursive exploration of ideas, their implications, and their importance is absent,” Osborne lamented.  “Students then emerge with na�ve ideas or misconceptions about the nature of science itself,” even though the AAAS and National Research Council endorse the value of argumentation in learning science.    This is all fine and good, but surely Osborne is not referring to evolution, is he?  Aren’t all educators and scientists insistent that evolution is a scientific fact, about which there is no reason to argue?The study of reasoning also offers an opportunity to explore the types of arguments used in science, which may be abductive (inferences to the best possible explanation), such as Darwin’s arguments for the theory of evolution; hypothetico-deductive, such as Pasteur’s predictions about the outcome of the first test of his anthrax vaccine; or simply inductive generalizations archetypal represented by “laws.”Osborne pointed out that students find classroom teaching that emphasizes argumentation skills much more engaging, too.  He ended by arguing that science education cannot be separated from matters of epistemology: “research has demonstrated that teaching students to reason, argue, and think critically will enhance students’ conceptual learning.  This will only happen, however, if students are provided structured opportunities to engage in deliberative exploration of ideas, evidence, and argument—in short, how we know what we know, why it matters, and how it came to be.”1.  Eugenie Scott, “Back to basics by way of evolution,” Nature Volume: 465, 164, 13 May 2010, doi:10.1038/465164a.2.  Casey Luskin, “The Constitutional and Pedagogical Benefits of Teaching Evolution Scientifically,” University of St.  Thomas Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. IV(1):204-277 (Fall, 2009).3.  Jonathan Osborne, “Arguing to Learn in Science: The Role of Collaborative, Critical Discourse,” Science23 April 2010: Vol. 328. no. 5977, pp. 463 – 466, DOI: 10.1126/science.1183944.The problem with Eugenie Scott of the National Center for Science Education is that she never received a good science education.  She got a defective education from the triumphalist Julian Huxley era when logical positivism was in swing and Darwinism was presented as a done deal.  That was before Quine and Kuhn and Feyerabend upset all the applecarts; Lakatos, Laudan, van Fraasen and many others undermined everything we thought we understood about “how science works.”  Even Osborne’s short list begs many questions about scientific reasoning – i.e., what is meant by a law of nature?  Scott is living in the 1940s and needs a refresher course in how science works.  She needs to learn about abductive reasoning (used extensively by Stephen Meyer in Signature in the Cell).  She also needs a refresher course in logic so that she does not make self-refuting statements, like stating the ideology that methodological naturalism is not an ideology, or claiming that science cannot refer to the supernatural, but then employing reason to make that claim, when reason is not made of particles or forces, and refers to logical truths that are universal, timeless, necessary and certain.    Eugenie Scott needs to go take classes in Philosophy of Science and Elementary Logic, particularly in how not to be inconsistent.  Her definition of science includes testing multiple hypotheses, as long as the hypothesis selection process can exclude ones she doesn’t like.  Her science is fine with natural causes, as long as she can dip into the supernatural causes she needs, like logic and reason.  Her science is open-ended, as long as she can close off the ends she doesn’t like.  Her science lacks dogmatism, as long as she can be dogmatic about the parts she wants to be dogmatic about.  Her science is fine with peer review, as long as the pool of peers is protected against the peers she doesn’t like.  Her science is fine with replicating results, as long as she doesn’t have to replicate the parts she can’t, like universal common descent.  Her science believes in following the rules of “how science works,” as long as she and her totalitarian Darwin Party hacks get to make the rules.  Is this the kind of shallow, uninformed, na�ve, partisan, illogical thinking that should be representing science education at school boards?  Do a good deed for your country: send the NCSE back to school.(Visited 22 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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