ConnectFX Nodes in Smoke: Auto Matte, Average & Auto Stabilizer

first_img30%-70%Stabilize objects that change their shape or depth, and exclude objects that are smaller or moving rapidly. Analysis: Aside from the obvious Analyze button to perform the track, you can adjust the ‘Scene Flexibility’.  Set the flexibility percentages based on your specific video needs. 0%-20%Stabilize a pan, tilt, zoom, or the motion of a single rigid object that is visible during the entire analysis. 80%-100%Stabilize all visible movements.center_img In our ongoing series on the ConnectFX Nodes in Autodesk Smoke we dive into Auto Matte, Average and Auto Stabilizer.Going alphabetically through the ConnectFX Nodes in Smoke, “Action” would be the next on the list (see our earlier post on the first few nodes).  However, Action is the most powerful node in ConnectFX, and is so deep that it needs a blog series of it’s own. It is the 3D compositing hub.  This series will explore all of the other nodes in ConnectFX, as they are tools that complement and support Action inside Autodesk Smoke 2013.Smoke’s Auto Matte NodeSmoke’s Auto Matte is a very basic node.  It functions a lot like 2D Histogram, but in a very stripped down way, with little UI feedback.  When a front clip is fed in to Auto Matte a high contrast image is made based on the luminance levels of the clip. (Click image for larger view)You can adjust the minimum and maximum values for the blacks and whites, which when the output is used as a matte input on another node, will give you more transparency and opaqueness to your keyed result.  There is also a Gain Adjustment which is processed after the min/max values are set.Smoke’s Average NodeSmoke’s Average Node is a great node for many uses, both practical and artistic. Average will simulate the motion blur of a moving object in a clip.  It bases the amount of blur on the number of frames set in the “Average Over” slider.  The higher the number the more frames will be blended together to make the simulated blur.You also have the option of a uniformed or weighted average.  This controls the amount of the fade of the blur. You can have each averaged frame fade uniformly or you can weight the frames that are closest to the target frame and they will be less transparent than later frames.  This will give you a more realistic trail blur, as the frames near the object in motion will be less transparent than the frames further away. The final option is to base the blur on just past frames or on both past and previous frames.A practical application for Average would be in using it to blend frames together to create a clean plate for a background.  With a lock-down shot, you can average the frames together which will blur out and fade the moving images and leave the background image untouched. However, a bit of softening may occur.  Average is a great way to add motion blur to an image that didn’t have it before, like sports images shot with a high shutter.             (Click on images for larger view of the before/after)On the artistic side you can use Smoke’s Average node to create a stylized look to video. Again a lock-down camera shot works great to make the moving images in the frame blur, add a bit of strobe to that and you have a very filmic 15 fps blurred fast motion result.  It can also be used to animate still graphics into a flowing motion background.   Or take almost any quick moving handheld shot, average multiple frames, add a little blur and color and you can make a smooth flowing animating background.Smoke’s Auto Stabilize NodeWhen you come back from a shoot and find that your handheld shots are a little shaky or bumpy on your driving footage because of a rough road, then Smoke’s Auto Stabilize is the node for you.  You can think of the Auto Stabilize node like the Warp Stabilizer in Adobe Premiere and After Effects – and like the stabilizer in FCPX.  I put the Auto Stabilizer to the test on a shot that I edited for WTHR-TV in Indianapolis, during Superbowl XLVI.  The shot was a time-lapse city shot where the photographer moved his tripod 6 inches every 30 secs and shot 5616 x 3744 still images using the Canon 5D. As you can see, this shot needed a lot of stabilization.The Auto Stabilize menu has a lot of options, but you can break it down in to 5 sections:  Analysis, Stabilization, Reference & Trackers, Offset, and Rendering.(Click image for larger view) You can set the clip range and even feed a matte to limit the area that will be tracked and stabilized.  You can choose to track in 2D or with perspective.  You can also negate the tracking data.  This is useful when you copy the node and reuse it later on to return the clips natural motion after you have done some other clean up or paint work on the clip.Instead of a matte you can use a square Region of Interest (ROI) to isolate the area to be tracked.  Once you tweak the settings you can analyse the clip.  Smoke tracks multiple points to get the most tracking data possible to generate the best stabilization and therefore the best image result. It will pick up new points as they come into view and drop others that are no longer of value to the analysis.Stabilization:  Now that you have the tracking data, you can finesse the result. The analysis happens on the front view for the image, so hit F4 to see the result. You have the option to turn off any stabilization to the X,Y, and Rotation components. This will allow you to keep any Y (vertical) camera motion and just stabilize the X (horizontal) for example.You can also change the camera motion for these components from fixed to smooth.  When you do that you will see the Smoothing options active.Now, here is where it gets fun.  You can change the amount of smoothing to the stabilization data. This will then add back some of the natural camera motion but just make it smoother, rather than stabilize it and lock it down completely.  It’s a great fix for handheld shots that were just too hand held, but still keep some of the natural motions.  This will also keep the edges of the image from tracking too much and getting too much cropping that you will have to deal with.Reference & Trackers:  If  the first frame of your clip is not the best representation of the stableness of your clip you can set the most optimal frame as the reference frame.  You will see the tracking marks on your clip throughout Smoke’s tracking analysis.(Click image for larger view)If the node tracks elements that are not helpful to the stabilization, like a person moving through the shot, you can highlight those trackers and delete them. This will update the stabilization curves and give a better result.Offset:  After the result of the track, you can add offsets in the X, Y, Scale, and Rotation to bring the image full.Render: You can change the canvas size for the end result and activate and set any hardware or software antialiasing.  There is also a repeat function for the edges, with  mirror, tile or repeat last pixel.Here is the same Indianapolis skyline clip with before and after stabilization.  Every shot is different so experiment with these Smoke Auto Stabilize settings to achieve your best result!last_img read more

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PBA D-League: RK Ilagan sizzles as Valencia-San Sebastian routs Perpetual

first_imgHontiveros presses for security audit of national power grid SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte Allyn Bulanadi played support for the Golden Harvest with 18 points, seven rebounds, six assists, three steals, and two blocks while JM Calma had himself a double-double with 14 points and 10 boards.“Everybody stepped up and showed their character,” said Macaraya.Jielo Razon led the Altas with 19 points and six rebounds.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew MANILA, Philippines—Valencia City Bukidnon-San Sebastian College moved closer to a playoff berth after ripping University of Perpetual Help, 106-75, in the 2019 PBA D-League Thursday at Ynares Sports Arena in Pasig.ADVERTISEMENT RK Ilagan lit up the stat sheets with 27 points, seven rebounds, seven assists, and two steals to lead the Golden Harvest.The 22-year-oldwingman fired off 13 points in the Golden Harvest’s blazing 33-point third quarter that saw them take an 81-56 lead heading into the fourth quarter.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics“So far, I’ve really watched RK’s maturity blossom,” said San Sebastian head coach Egay Macaraya in Filipino. “It’s not like before when he was purely on offense, now he’s organizing the team.”Valencia City Bukidnon bumped its record to 5-1 to get to the second seed in the Foundation Group while Perpetual dropped to 1-5. Philippine Arena Interchange inauguratedcenter_img Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles View comments Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LATEST STORIES Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Man City 3 wins from retaining Premier League title Duterte wants probe of SEA Games messlast_img read more

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18 days agoTottenham confirm Lloris out until 2020

first_imgTottenham confirm Lloris out until 2020by Freddie Taylor18 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveTottenham have confirmed Hugo Lloris will miss the rest of 2019.The French goalkeeper dislocated his elbow in a freak incident against Brighton on Saturday.In a statement, Tottenham said: “Hugo Lloris has undergone further assessment this morning after sustaining a dislocated elbow in our match against Brighton on Saturday.”The findings have shown that although surgery will not be required, our Club Captain has suffered ligament damage and is not expected to return to training before the end of 2019.”Hugo is currently in a brace and will now undergo a period of rest and rehabilitation under the supervision of our medical staff at Hotspur Way.” About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

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The SEC Made A Ridiculous Amount Of Money In 2014

first_imgSEC Logo in blue background.SEC Logo MoneyLife is good down south – down in the SEC, specifically. According to ESPN’s Brett McMurphy, the SEC made $455 million in 2014, a probable record for revenue among college football conferences. It’s a massive jump in revenue from 2013, when the league made $314.5 million, second that year to the Big Ten, which made $318 million. The conference can thank its new TV network, the SEC Network, for most of the big jump in revenue. That means each school gets a nice $31.07 million gift. SEC will distribute $31.07M per school in revenue, sources told @ESPN. League made record $455M past year— Brett McMurphy (@McMurphyESPN) May 29, 2015The conference made nearly twice as much as the Big 12.SEC made $455M in revenue, Big 12 “little north of $250M” past year, sources told @ESPN— Brett McMurphy (@McMurphyESPN) May 29, 2015College football’s strongest conference in recent seasons now has more money to play with.last_img read more

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Hormone therapies increase breast cancer risk

first_imgHormone therapy to relieve menopause symptoms slightly increases the risk of breast cancer, according to a large-scale study published recenty. Other research has established a similar link, but the new study is the first to show that the risk remains elevated even ten years after treatment has stopped. It also quantifies for the first time the level of risk associated with different types of menopause hormone therapy, or MHT. The chance that a women between 50 and 69 who has never undergone MHT will contract breast cancer is about 6.3 in a 100. Also Read – An income drop can harm brainBy comparison, a woman in that age bracket who takes oestrogen and, intermittently, progestagen for five years stands a 7.7 in 100 chance of getting the disease. If – in the same scenario – progestagen use is daily, the risk goes up again: 8.3 in 100. Finally, an oestrogen-only regimen is closest to the no-hormones baseline, with a 6.8 out of 100 risk. More prolonged use carries even higher risk, said researchers. “Use of MHT for 10 years results in about twice the excess breast cancer risk compared to five years of use,” thet added. Also Read – Shallu Jindal honoured with Mahatma Award”But there appears to be little risk from use of menopausal hormone therapy for less than one year.” The topical use of vaginal oestrogens, applied as a cream, is also relatively risk-free, she added. Women tend to begin MHT at the start of menopause when ovarian function ceases, causing oestrogen levels to fall substantially. At the same time, progesterone levels fall to near zero. As a consequence, many women experience uncomfortable “hot flushes” that can be alleviated by replacing the naturally depleted hormones. Regulatory bodies in Europe and the United States recommend that MHT be reduced to the shortest time needed, but usage has tended to average at least five years. In North America and Europe, MHT increased rapidly during the 1990s, halved abruptly in the early 2000s, and then stabilised about ten years ago. “Our new findings indicate that some increased risk persists even after stopping use of MHT,” said co-author of the study. Beral and colleagues examined data from 58 previous studies around the world from 1992 to 2018 that recorded MHT use. Within the data set, 108,647 women subsequently developed breast cancer, at an average age of 65. Researchers were then able to look for statistical links between cancer rates, on the one hand, and type along with duration of treatment, on the other.last_img read more

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Opinion 5 defensive players who will make an impact for Ohio State

OSU sophomore safety Vonn Bell. Credit: Courtesy of OSULast season, the Ohio State football defense left a lot to be desired, and it might have to turn that around in a big way to support an offense that will be playing without senior quarterback Braxton Miller.The Buckeye defense gave up a total of 5,284 yards in 2013, including 3,752 yards through the air. If the team wants to have more success in 2014, some players will have to step up with only seven starters returning from last season.The following five players — not all of whom were starters last season — will have to take their games to the next level to help keep the Buckeyes’ championship hopes alive.1. Senior cornerback Doran GrantLet’s be frank: OSU’s pass defense was awful last season.Former Buckeye Bradley Roby had all the talent in the world, but he never seemed to be able to put it all together after an early-season suspension. Enter Grant, who showed some flashes of athleticism and talent, but still spent a fair amount of time getting beaten in the flats — along with the entire defense.Grant has big-play ability and has received a lot of praise from coach Urban Meyer this offseason, but will need to build on his 58 tackles and three interceptions from 2013 if the Buckeyes want to see a big jump forward in pass defense. Meyer went so far as to say Grant was playing to the caliber of an All-Big Ten cornerback in fall camp.He’s the only returning starter in the defensive backfield, and is by far the most senior player of them all. As a leader and as a player, if Grant turns a corner this season, it will be a completely new OSU defense.2. Sophomore defensive lineman Joey Bosa Bosa played in all 14 games last season as a true freshman and did more than flash his potential as a dominating lineman. He arrived on campus already looking like an NFL-ready player and his production — especially later in the season — proved he has the potential to be one of the best ever at OSU.After tallying 7.5 sacks last season — second only to junior defensive lineman Noah Spence — Bosa has a chance to make a statement on a Big Ten and national level this year.The defensive line is the Buckeyes’ best position group, and Bosa just might be the best of the bunch.3. (tie) Sophomore safety Vonn Bell and redshirt-sophomore safety Tyvis PowellThe OSU safeties had a pretty rough go throughout 2013. Then-senior Christian Bryant broke his ankle against Wisconsin to end his Buckeye career, and the safeties were left without someone who was arguably their best player. C.J. Barnett was the other starter and he finished second on the team with 84 tackles, but Barnett has since graduated as well.In 2014, Bell and Powell look set to take their spots, hoping to do better than former OSU safety Corey “Pitt” Brown did filling in for Bryant last season.Both are extremely talented players, as Bell is one of the highest-rated recruits Meyer has brought to OSU and Powell played extensively last season. They even each had trademark moments last year: Bell had an incredible one-handed interception in the Orange Bowl while Powell sealed a win against Michigan with an interception on the Wolverines last ditch two-point attempt. Along with Grant, Bell and Powell have a chance to live up to expectations this season and transform the OSU pass defense into one of the best in the Big Ten.4. Senior defensive lineman Michael BennettBennett brings a lot to the table on and off the field. Meyer announced Monday that Bennett, along with Grant and three others, was voted a team captain by his teammates.As a leader, he’ll be the go-to guy on the defensive line, but as a player, he’ll still need to be dominant for the unit to live up to their best-in-the-nation potential.Last season the Centerville, Ohio, native totaled 11.5 tackles for loss and seven sacks while fighting through minor injuries throughout the season. If he’s fully healthy in 2014, Bennett could put together an even better season and be looking toward the first round of the NFL Draft next spring.5. Freshman linebacker Raekwon McMillanJunior Joshua Perry and senior Curtis Grant are the familiar returning names on the OSU linebacker’s depth chart, but McMillan could eventually leave Columbus as the best of the bunch.He was a five-star recruit coming out of high school as one of the best prep linebackers in the nation. That comes with a lot of lofty expectations as a freshman, especially at a school known for producing standout linebackers like A.J. Hawk and Chris Spielman.There’s almost nothing to go off of outside of high school footage and his performance in the Spring Game, but McMillan is going to see the field early and often if OSU coaches are to be believed.Regardless of whether he starts a single game this season, McMillan will be tasked with doing more than your average freshman, and all signs point toward him being up for the challenge.OSU’s season-opener is scheduled for Saturday against Navy at M&T Bank Stadium in Baltimore. Kickoff is set for noon. read more

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Report Suso decides to remain at AC Milan

first_imgAC Milan midfielder Suso has reportedly decided to remain at the club this summer, amid rumoured interest from AS RomaThe Spanish midfielder has been in fine form for Milan since arriving in 2015 from his disappointing spell with Liverpool in the Premier League.Due to his consistent performances at the San Siro, the 24-year-old had been linked with a shock return to Liverpool.But recently Roma had emerged as the front-runners for his signature.Roberto Firmino, LiverpoolVirgil van Dijk praises Roberto Firmino after Liverpool’s win Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Virgil van Dijk hailed team-mate Roberto Firmino after coming off the bench to inspire Liverpool to a 3-1 comeback win against Newcastle United.However, even after the signing of Samu Castillejo from Villarreal, Calcio Mercato have reported that Suso has elected to stay where he is for now and would even like to discuss a new long-term deal.The news will likely come as a blow for Last season’s Champions League semi-finalists Roma, who saw their signing of Malcom from Bordeaux snatched from right under their noses by Barcelona earlier this summer.Suso has made a total of 95 appearances for Milan in all competitions and has managed 15 goals.last_img read more

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Fletcher believes Pogba can be Uniteds matchwinner under Solksjaer

first_imgDarren Fletcher believes Paul Pogba can rediscover his best form at Manchester United following the departure of Jose Mourinho.The Stoke City midfielder believes Pogba remains “a match-winner” and has backed the midfielder to flourish if given a free role under Ole Gunnar Solskjaer.The former Juventus star has struggled to justify the £89 million price tag since the Red Devils paid for him in the summer of 2016. Part of the problem Pogba had was finding his role in Jose Mourinho’s system. Fletcher hopes that things would change for the 25-year-old now that Solskjaer has been appointed an interim manager for Manchester United.“When I was out ill I worked for six months with the reserves with Warren Joyce, and that’s what we did. We gave him a free role. We said to him, go and play, get on the ball and make things happen.” Fletcher told talkSPORT.“Obviously he worked hard as well, that was asked of him.”Harry Maguire, Manchester UnitedLiverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“But we didn’t play him as a central midfielder, somebody who was controlling the game, we played him higher up the pitch as a number ten, he could go left, he could go right.”“We let him be a free spirit and he was a match-winner.”“He could win games, he could create chances and he loved getting on the ball and trying things, but at least he was doing in the attacking third.”“So hopefully we see that Paul Pogba now, but he has got the ability of being a box-to-box midfielder, he’s matured now and I’ve seen him do it for France, so there’s no reason why he can’t do it for Man United.”last_img read more

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Dunne Stones can become worldclass

first_imgFormer Manchester City defender Richard Dunne believes John Stones as the potential within him to become one of the world’s greatest centre-backsFollowing his £47.5m from Everton in 2016, Stones has made 95 appearances for City with manager Pep Guardiola praising his versatility this season which has enabled him to play in multiple positions.Stones, who is regarded as a ball-playing central defender, has been compared to the likes of Rio Ferdinand, Jerome Boateng and Gerard Pique.And Dunne has no doubts that Stones will one day reach the same kind level that will justify the comparisons with these world-class defenders.“I think he has the potential [to be world-class],” said Dunne on the club website.Harry Maguire, Manchester UnitedLiverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“When he’s playing with England, they’re helping him by building a side around him.“He was unfairly criticised when he first came because he was young and he was bound to make mistakes. It takes time to fit into what Pep wants from him.“But with the benefit of a couple of years he has improved and will continue to improve and there’s no reason why he can’t be one of the best centre-halves in the world.”City will be back in action away to Huddersfield Town in the Premier League on Sunday.last_img read more

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